The Federal Managers’ Financial Integrity Act (FMFIA), P.L. 97-255, as well as the Office of Management and Budget’s (OMB) Circular No. A-123, Management Accountability and Control, establish specific requirements for management controls. Each agency head must establish controls to reasonably ensure that: (1) obligations and costs are in compliance with applicable laws; (2) funds, property and other assets are safeguarded against waste, loss, unauthorized use, or misappropriation; and (3) revenues and expenditures applicable to agency operations are properly recorded and accounted for to permit the preparation of accounts and reliable financial and statistical reports and to maintain accountability over the assets. FMFIA further requires each executive agency head, based on an evaluation conducted in accordance with applicable guidelines, to prepare and submit a signed statement to the President and the Congress disclosing whether the agency’s system of internal accounting and administrative control fully complies with requirements established in FMFIA.